WELCOME TO  GLENWOOD, WASHINGTON
                              WEATHER
Glenwood is located at the foot of Mt Adams,  in the scenic                        
Glenwood Valley/Camas Prairie
  of Klickitat County
Note.....Mt. Adams  is NOT in Klickitat County.

PHOTO BY DARLISA [email protected] Starlisa.net

 
 

CHIEF SPENCER,  STICK JOE, INDIAN ABRAHM LINCOLN AND THE YAKAMA RESERVATION BOUNDARY

CHIEF SPENCER was from the Klickitat Tribe.  When Kamiakin refused to return to the Reservation, Spencer was appointed as Chief of the Yakama Nation.

At the time of this photo he was supposedly 100 years old.  The photo is from the book, "An Illustrated History of Klickitat, Yakima and Kittitas Counties.

Chief White Swan succeeded Chief Spencer.  

From the Yakama Nation History

"First Chief of the Yakama Nation 1856-1861

Chief Spencer's tribal name was "Tah pa shah" and interpreted to Sharp Shooter. He was Chief of the Klickitats and appointed at the original Yakama Agency in White Swan, Washington. He was confirmed by J.W. Nesmith, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Washington-Oregon Territory in 1856.

He was also appointed by U.S. officials since Chief Kamiakin refused to come onto the reservation. Chief Spencer was paid $500 per year and at the end of his appointment was given an officer's sword."

I haven't found a photo yet of Stick Joe.  Some 1900 documents stae that he was originally from California.  Both Chief Spencer and Stick Joe had early knowledge of early boundary markers for the Yakama Reservation. Chief Spencer refers to Agent Townsend who was Agent of the temporary White Salmon Reservation which included Camas Prairie.  
In 1899, E.C. Barnard was assigned to review and survey portions of the Yakama Reservation boundary.
Below is his report.
NOTE:  Abe Lincoln joins them.  He is a guide well acquainted with the country and the claims of the Indians.  Abe Lincoln is also the one who came to Glenwood to meet surveyor Chester Pecore in 1923 to show him the blazed trees where the Indian Trail meets the road to Goldendale.

E.C. BARNARD CASE IN 1900

NOTE THAT IN  THE YEAR APRIL 1900,  E.C. BARNARD'S FINDINGS WERE APPROVED AND THERE WAS TO BE AN ADJUSTMENT TO THE INDIANS FOR THE TRACT CLAIMED OF 293,837 ACRES ON THE WESTERN BOUNDARY

I THINK THE SOUTHERN BOUNDARY COMPLAINT, REFERRED  TO HERE WAS IN REFERENCE TO CEDAR VALLEY

NOTE THAT IN SCHWARTZ' 1890 SURVEY, HE DIDN'T CROSS THE KLICKITAT, FROM THE SOUTHERN BOUNDARY, TO SURVEY THE WESTERN BOUNDARY.  EVEN THOUGH THE INDIANS CLAIMED THE LINE RAN FROM GRAYBACK IN A NORTHWESTERLY DIRECTION, CROSSING THE KLICKITAT. 
COMMISSIONER JONES IS REQUESTING ANOTHER SURVEY TO FOLLOW UP THE SCHWARTZ SURVEY

LOOKING AT  GOVERNOR STEVENS MAP, I CAN FIND NO SWITCHING OF NAMES OF THE KLICKITAT AND WHITE SALMON.

IT TOOK 72 YEARS FOR THE WESTERN BOUNDARY TO BE OFFICIALLY CHANGED AND THE LAND RETURNED TO THE YAKAMA RESERVATION.  HOWEVER, THAT CHANGE DID NOT FOLLOW THE ABOVE SURVEY LINES.  NOR DID IT FOLLOW THE CHESTER PECORE SURVEY LINE.

1909 KLICKITAT COUNTY MAP.

THE ABOVE IS AN EXCERPT FROM E.C. BARNARD'S  1900 SURVEY REPORT.  CHIEF SPENCER, STICK JOE AND ABRAHAM LINCOLN KNEW WHERE THESE OLD 1858-1859 GOVERNMENT  BLAZES WERE.
IN 1923, SURVEYOR CHESTER PECORE COMES INTO THE GLENWOOD VALLEY TO COMPLETE MORE SURVEY WORK FOR THE RESERVATION.  ABRAHAM LINCOLN MAKES A TRIP TO GLENWOOD TO SHOW HIM THE TREES
THE OLD INDIAN TRAIL CROSSED THE KLICKITAT IN THE AREA OF TODAY'S KLICKITAT SALMON HATCHERY.
McCLELLAN'S SURVEY PARTY IN 1853 FOLLOWED THIS TRAIL

FROM THE RESEARCH FILES OF JERRY OLSON
THE CHESTER PECORE SURVEY:

The third survey was in 1923 of a continuation of the West and North Boundaries of the Yakima Indian Reservation as part of Group 56.  Pecore had been there in 1920 to change a survey made in 1907.  The 1907 survey basically went from Grayback Mountain to Goat Butte, in a straight line, and from Goat Butte to Spencer Point in a straight line.

Pecore had instructions to put an angle point in the line from Grayback to Goat Butte at the location of some blazes found by the Indians at the Glenwood Road and an old Indian trail, a short distance East of Glenwood.  Pecore enlisted an Indian, Abraham Lincoln, to point out the blazes.  He then created a straight line from Grayback Mountain to the blazes, and another from the blazes to Goat Butte.  He then projected the old Reservation line from Goat Butte to the crest of the Cascades, a short distance, to a point on the North slope of Mt. Adams.



A COPY OF THE 1913 MAP, SHOWING TOWNSHIP 6 RANGE 13, WITH PECORE CAMPING SPOT, OLD INDIAN TRAIL, GOLDENDALE ROAD AND APPROXIMATE LOCATION OF TREE BLAZES WHICH CHIEF SPENCER, STICK JOE AND ABRAHM LINCOLN IDENTIFIED.  
I INCLUDED A MAP OF RANGE 12 WITH GLENWOOD, WHICH LIES DIRECTLY WEST OF RANGE 13, SO YOU COULD FAMILIARIZE WITH THE TERRAIN. 

A SIDE NOTE.  NOTICE THE PARCELS OF LAND ALONG THE KLICKITAT RIVER OWNED BY WM. R. KING AND B.B. WATSON.  WILLIAM KING WAS A RESIDENT OF  NEW JERSEY BUT  CHIEF ENGINEER AND DEVELOPER OF THE KLICKITAT VALLEY DEVELOPMENT CO. FOR THE PURPOSE OF PRODUCING AND TRANSMITTING ELECTRICITY AND IRRIGATION WATER.  B.B. WATSON WAS HIS SISTER IN LAW BERTHA WATSON.   

SURVEYOR CHESTER PECORE

PECORE SURVEY PARTY ON ON TOP OF GOAT BUTTE

THE PECORE SURVEY OF SOUTH EAST BOUNDARY  AFTER INDIAN ABRAHAM LINCOLN SHOWED HIM THE BLAZED TREE BOUNDARY MARKERS.  THESE WOULD BE THE SAME BOUNDARY MARKERS THAT CHIEF SPENCER AND ABE LINCOLN  HAD TOLD SURVEYOR BARNARD ABOUT IN 1899.   ALSO SHOWN IS THE CAMPBELL LINE.   PECORE'S LINE INTERSECTS WITH CAMPBELL'S LINE AT GOAT BUTTE.

FROM WHAT I CAN GATHER, AT LEAST, THREE NATIVE AMERICANS WERE AWARE OF THE BLAZED BOUNDARY MARKERS WHERE THE OLD FORT SIMCOE TRAIL INTERSECTS THE GOLDENDALE ROAD ON T.6 R13 AND WERE IN AGREEMENT THAT THE LINE THEN ANGLED TO GOAT BUTTE.

A MAP SHOWING THREE RESERVATION BOUNDARY LINES.  THE 1890 SCHWARTZ LINE, THE CAMPBELL LINE.  CHESTER PECORE'S LINE AND THE NEW QUESTIONABLE BOUNDARY TO THE SOUTH.

THE BELOW MAP IS FROM:  
 USGS Scientific Investigations Map 3315 pamphlet

Geologic Map of the Simcoe Mountains Volcanic Field, Main Central Segment, Yakama Nation, Washington
By Wes Hildreth and Judy Fierstein.


IT SHOWS THE SCHWARTZ, CAMPBELL AND THE PECORE LINE.


IN RED, IT SHOWS THE NEW LINE.  SO FAR, I HAVE NOT FOUND ANY DOCUMENTATION BY THE OLD NATIVE AMERICANS, CHIEF SPENCER, STICK JOE OR ABRAHAM LINCOLN THAT THE BOUNDARY LINE SHOULD CONTINUE SOUTH AND WEST TO INCLUDE THE GLENWOOD VALLEY.  THEY ACCEPTED THAT THE LINE RAN TO GOAT BUTTE.

ALTHOUGH LITTLE MT ADAMS SEEMS MORE OF A CONNICAL LAND MARK IN RESERVATION DESCRIPTIONS THAN GOAT BUTTE.

ANOTHER CHIEF:  PART OF THE STORY OF WHITE SWAN OR STWIRE WATERS

Like Chief Spencer, White Swan was a Klickitat.  He and his family called the Vancouver area home.  I have read the report where Governor Stevens tries to convince White Swan and the Klickitats to move to the White Salmon Reservation and think about moving on to the Yakama Reservation.  Stevens tells them that if they don't like it, they can come back, which as you read it, you know it is a crock of bull.  The whites wanted all Native Americans in the Vancouver area out of there.  The Indians in that area were quite wealthy with land, and livestock.  When they moved to the White Salmon Reservation they basically lost everything.  Camas Prairie was included in that reservation.  Agent Townsend says they can dig roots and graze their livestock.  Those of us that live here, know that doesn't work in the winter time.  
As of now, I have found no reference that  White Swan  ever stated that the Yakama Reservation should include the Glenwood Valley.  He did complain about having to leave the Vancouver area.