WELCOME TO  GLENWOOD, WASHINGTON
                              WEATHER
Glenwood is located at the foot of Mt Adams,  in the scenic                        
Glenwood Valley/Camas Prairie
  of Klickitat County
Note.....Mt. Adams is NOT in Klickitat County.

PHOTO BY DARLISA BLACK@ Starlisa.net

Official Site of Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation with
Latest Announcements.

Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission.
The Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation.

From ‘Encouraged’ to ‘Mandatory’: Schools Must Teach Native History in Washington
Read more at     http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/print/2015/05/12/encouraged-mandatory-schools-must-teach-native-history-washington-160325

The Glenwood Valley was home to one of many "Indian Race Tracks"  The valley was en route to fishing sites, huckleberry fields and root gathering.  In 1878 a traveler joined a group of Yakamas traveling to the huckleberry fields.  He notes that there were over 1,000 ponies in their camp on Mt Adams, and there would be many more arriving.

 
 

THE KLICKITAT....
At the beginning of their historical period the Klickitat, who were
first noted by Lewis and Clark, lived in southern Washington in the
valleys of Klickitat river and its tributaries. This most westerly of the
Shahaptian tribes, according to the ethnologist George Gibbs, who
observed them in 1854 and later, had been forced out of the eastern
Columbia valley by the Cayuse...

The word has been said to refer to their occupancy of Camas prairie, but their name for this place (southwest of Glenwood, Washington) was Tak (Prairie). The name by which we know the tribe is commonly said to be a corruption of the Upper Chinook Ihlkádat, that is, beyond the mountains),” with reference to the Lower Chinook, by whom the term was originated; but it is more probably from the Chinookan Hlá­ dahut, the falls of the Klickitat near the mouth of the stream, and the village of Chinookans and Klickitat at that place. Another variation is “Wah-how-pum,” by which term Lewis and Clark, in the spring of 1806, designated the tribe as well as one of their villages of “12 tem­ porary mat lodges near the Rock rapids.”

The Klickitat soon possessed themselves of Chinookan territory, overspreading the uplands and mountain slopes from Klickitat creek westward to Lewis river, and northward to Mount St. Helens and Mount Adams, which latter became known to the Yakima bands as the Mountain of the Klickitat. They made their winter camps princi­ pally in the valleys of Klickitat, White Salmon, Little White Salmon, Wind, and Lewis rivers. At the head of the last-named stream were the Taítnapum, a small, cognate, but distinct tribe. The Klickitat devel­ oped into hardy mountaineers, daring warriors, and excellent hunters. They never became firmly established on the Columbia to the exclu­ sion of others, but they mingled freely with the Chinookan villagers already there, and fished in the great river. But they were not the most skilful fishermen, and for the greater part they confined their efforts to the smaller streams named.

The Klickitat made war not only against their tribal enemies.....


READ MORE HERE

LEGENDS OF THE KLICKITATS:    BY CLARENCE BUNNELL

PHOTO FROM THE ABOVE BOOK:
KEITH McCOY'S STORY ABOUT THE LEGEND IN
THE MT ADAMS SUN FEB 15, 1962 PG 4
I also have a  LINK HERE
STREET NAMED AFTER INDIAN CHIEF BUT NAME IS MISSPELLED
ON SIGN.
   Few local residents, including those who ordered the street sign, know the origin of the name of Waubish Road, that west White Salmon street which parallels the Bluff from the James Whiting home to the Dr. H.L. Moon residence.
   Most people call it Wabash, just as the street is erroneously signed;  but it is Waubish to the Klickitat Indians.
   The name is derived from Waubish or Fan rock, a lava formation which is clearly visible from the hood River-White Salmon Bridge.  Look for it near the top of the Bluff, just under Mrs. Sidney Thompson's lovely residence. 
   According to an old Indian legend recorded by Clarence O. Bunnell in his book "Legends of the Klickitats", Waubish was a brave chief---the only one with courage to confront Koyoda, special representative of the Great Spirit........  read the rest at the link.


THE WATLALAS 
     Perhaps in the area of White Salmon/Hood River and down the Columbia River.  Absorbed by the Yakima, Warm Springs and Grande Ronde Confederation.  Also closely allied with the Cowlitz. 

Here is a Video produced for the Grand Ronde about the history of the Cascade Indians of the Gorge. 

THE STORY OF KAMIAKIN
Kamiakin had vast herds of horses and cattle and dug the first irrigation ditch in the Yakima Valley. Kamiakin represented his tribe at the 1855 treaty council and eventually signed the treaty under great emotional stress. He later maintained he had been deceived. He immediately set out to create a confederation of tribes to resist white encroachment, earning comparisons to Tecumseh. He led warriors in a number of battles, yet despite some victories, American military force finally prevailed in 1858 during a battle in which Kamiakin was severely injured. He fled to Montana and lived as an outcast, eventually returning to camps on the Palouse River and Rock Lake in Eastern Washington. He refused to return to the Yakama Reservation, saying he did not recognize the treaty that created it. He died at Rock Lake in 1877. White grave robbers dug up his corpse the next year and stole his head. His skull was never found.
READ MORE HERE

FINDING CHIEF KAMIAKIN:  RICHARD SHEUERMAN AND MICHAEL FINLEY

THE ENTIRE BOOK "FINDING CHIEF KAMIAKIN"
Fur trader Angus McDonald
described the Yakama Palouse leader as "standing ―five feet
eleven in his moccasins and weighing ―about two hundred pounds, muscular and sinewy‖ with black hair
bearing streaks of auburn ―twisted down over his shoulders."

pg 29:  Territorial pioneer Francis Chenowith and three friends encountered Kamiakin in the late June 1851 while
on an excursion from The Dalles to the Simcoe Valley where he noted the Indians were raising bountiful fields of ripening wheat and flax.  Chenowith judged the area‘s climate ―perhaps as near perfect as any in the world, and marveled at the ―large bands of fat horses and cattle that rove unmolested upon the rich pastures.  The party chose a different return route to the Columbia River and first ventured west to the ―splendid country of Camas Lake (present Conboy Lake) in the shadow of Mt. Adams‘ ―dazzling whiteness. Here Chenowith found Kamiakin, the
―principal chief among the ―lords of creation, overseeing the horse races and gathering of roots on the vast
camas prairie of Taht. Kamiakin treated his guests with ―politeness and hospitality and served him
tea with sugar while pointing out ―the pile of blankets and other articles he had won at the races....